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SPECIAL INVESTIGATION: Trolling and the outdated law that fails to deal with the offence

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Trolling is very quickly becoming the key word of the twenty-first century which applies to the term used for bullying and threatening someone on-line.

It is becoming such a big issue that the police are being forced to investigate the ever-increasing incidents of crimes committed online. since the internet came in to play it has created a market for online criminals and provided a platform for identity theft and fraud which is worth billions of pounds a year.

Trolling has always existed online but has become more and more popular as it comes to the eye of the media and more and more high-profile people are becoming victims.

Trolling is a crime within the virtual world which has no gain in terms of profit, the criminals gain is ascertaining power over a persons weakness and feeling a much stronger and better person that the person they are targeting.

Someone who is troll generally has a number of fake accounts and fake email addresses to commit their crime, because ultimately they do not want to be traced and they don’t want the person they are targeting finding out who they are making it much harder for the police to trace.

The way Twitter is configured all you need to create an account is an email address and your name, meaning your personal details are not given as trolls create a number of fake email addresses meaning their crimes are much harder for the police to trace.

The Police can then never arrest anyone unless they have reasonable suspicion that the suspect they have arrested is reasonably suspected of committing the crime. There must be a link that is known to the detectives from the Troll to the person.

Police Services within the United Kingdom find it extremely difficult to investigate such crimes because it is an area of law that is not written in law the malicious communications act was written before the internet went live and is intended for letters, the internet is not governed under this law but the courts apply an outdated law to this crime.

The investigation of such crime is difficult and expensive, firstly the police need to be able to quickly identify an offender something which could prove impossible.

Once an offender has been identified the Police then need to put up a huge amount of money, they will search the offenders home once they have been arrested and recover every single item that can connect to the internet such as mobile phones, smart tvs, playstations, x boxs, ipads, laptops, computers.

They are then required to pay £1000.00 per item to be forensically examined by an expert something which takes six to nine months, which is to secure any evidence connecting the offender to the suspected crime if after six months evidence is found on the persons devices they will be charged with the offence.

Which at the end of all of that they must then still prove beyond responsible dough that the person is responsible for sending the tweet.

This area of law becomes even more complicated when areas of law are mentioned because the official law has never been written for the internet and is an extremely outdated law that the courts seem apply the rules for silent phone calls and written letter communications.

But it could be argued that there is no direct threat of violence or fear created because it is an image and not a direct threat.

ultimately a lot of police time and resources will be wasted for a crime the United Kingdom are not equipped to deal with effectively.

The Law that covers this act

(1) Any person who sends to another person

(a) a letter, electronic communication or article of any description which conveys

(i) a message which is indecent or grossly offensive

(ii) a threat or

(iii) information which is false and known or believed to be false by the sender or

(b) any article or electronic communication which is, in whole or part, of an indecent or grossly offensive nature,is guilty of an offence if his purpose, or one of his purposes, in sending it is that it should, so far as falling within paragraph (a) or (b) above, cause distress or anxiety to the recipient or to any other person to whom he intends that it or its contents or nature should be communicated.

If these areas of law are not satisfied after all of the investigation there will be no charge or conviction.

Therefore this is an area of Law that should be updated to allow the police and the courts the powers to deal with this area effectively

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Police Hour pledges support for #SuperHero18 campaign launched to raise awareness of CSE

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The fourth ‘Superhero’ social media campaign to raise awareness of CSE has been launched and the response has already been remarkable, with thousands of Twitter users pledging their support already.

Police Hour is supporting the campaign for the fourth year running because it simply raises awareness of the importance of protecting children online

So far support has come from American actress Liz Vassey who played Captain Liberty in ‘The Tick’ and also starred in CSI.

How do i join #SuperHero18?

You simply news to change your twitter profile image to that of your favourite superhero for seven days and tweet your support using the hashtag #SuperHero18

Who is behind #SuperHero18?

PC Rob Stevens from Northamptonshire Police launched the campaign in 2015 and it very quickly went global, with people from as far afield as Canada, USA and Australia pledging their support.

PC Stevens said: “I started the campaign because I wanted to raise awareness of a subject very close to my heart – there is no greater priority than protecting our children and preventing this awful crime.

“The response over the past three years has been extraordinary with people from all corners of the globe getting involved.

“I hope this year we’ll reach even more people. I urge social media users to get creative in choosing their superhero – which could be a cartoon character or somebody who inspires them – perhaps a parent or grandparent – and to circulate messages which raise awareness of CSE; how to spot it, how to prevent it and how to get help and support.”

Senior officers who have changed their profile pictures in support of #SuperHero18 include Chief Constable Simon Edens, whose avatar is now Anti Venom and Deputy Chief Constable Rachel Swann who chose Jessica Jones as her avatar.

Assistant Chief Constable James Andronov is the Regional CSE lead. His avatar for seven days is Beast Boy. He said:

“This is a campaign which has gone from strength-to-strength over the last three years and now has phenomenal support.

“I urge anybody who hasn’t already to pledge their support and help play a part in putting a stop to the sexual exploitation of children and the signs to look out for which may indicate a child is at risk.

“It is only by raising awareness that we can prevent this abhorrent crime and protect our children.”

Help raise #CSE awareness with @PCStevens1368 using #SuperHero18

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Alfie Evens judge rejects plea to take tot to Italy but urges doctors to consider letting him go home

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Little Alfie Evens has been banned from

Leaving the UK to travel to Italy for life saving treatment.

A private Air Ambulance is still currently on Standby within the hospital grounds.

The family of Alfie made one final plea at an emergency high court hearing that wanted to take the seriously ill 23-month-old to Italy rejected after his life support was withdrawn

The family had today returned to the high court after Alfie immediately began supporting himself after life support was withdrawn, he had taken on water and food.

The judge has today ruled that Alfie Evans cannot fly to Italy for treatment in a devastating blow to the family.

Judge Mr Justice Hayden did rule that doctors should consider allowing the little boy to go home.

The ’emergency’ hearing came as the 23-month-old continues to cling to life more than 21 hours after his life support was reportedly switched off.

Barrister Paul Diamond, representing Alfie’s family, argued it cannot be in the tot’s best interests to be left to die at Liverpool’s Alder Hey Hospital in Liverpool.

Alfie has taken on food and water and has been breathing on his own since 9.17pm yesterday.

Tom Evans, 21, confirmed the 23-month-old was taken off his ventilator at 9.17pm last night, and began breathing on his own offering hope for his family who had failed in their high court legal battle.

They have today been granted an emergency High Court legal bid which may allow his parents to fly Alfie to Italy based on the fact he is breathing on his own.

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Alfie Evans Military plane on Standby as Breathing independently for nearly 20 hours

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Alfie Evans is continuing to breath on his own after life support was withdrawn at the Alder Hey Hospital in Liverpool.

A military aircraft has now been placed on standby to fly Alfie to Italy for treatment. His family are back in court today fighting for Alfie in what will be the last legal bid based on the fact he is breathing on his own.

Alfie has taken on food and water and has been breathing on his own since 9.17pm yesterday.

Tom Evans, 21, confirmed the 23-month-old was taken off his ventilator at 9.17pm last night, and began breathing on his own offering hope for his family who had failed in their high court legal battle.

They have today been granted an emergency High Court legal bid which may allow his parents to fly Alfie to Italy based on the fact he is breathing on his own.

Doctors are said to be gobsmacked that Alfie is breathing on his own unaided.

A High Court judge is this afternoon set to oversee a hearing at Manchester, with Alfie’s parents to push for their son to be taken to Italy for treatment and possible diagnosis.

Paul Diamond who is fighting the battle for the family will argue that it is not in Alfie’s best interests to be left at Alder Hey Hospital and that he should be flown overseas to Italy for treatment.

A private Air Ambulance plane is on standby and Italy have also offered a private jet to get Alfie to Hospital.

It is hoped that Alfie breathing on his own will offer the family new hope after they lost a High Court appeal on Monday that banned him from leaving the hospital for treatment for his degenerative neurological condition.

And that life support would be withdrawn immediately.

Doctors argued that Alfie is in a semi-vegetative state and has ben for more than a year.

They believe his treatment should be withdrawn and it would be in his best interest to stop mechanical ventilation

A spokesperson for the Christian Legal Centre, which has been assisting Kate James and Tom, said: “Alfie has survived much longer than the doctors predicted, lending support to the request from Alfie’s parents for Alfie to be seen by medical experts in Italy.”

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