Your winter motoring checklist

Met Office yellow “be aware warning” has been issued for the north of the country. Drivers have been warned to take extra time for their journeys as snow, ice and high winds are on the forecast over the next few days.

Check your car for winter with the check list below

Oil – Check your oil and top up if needed with the correct grade.

Antifreeze – check coolant level regularly and, if required, top-up with a mixture of the correct type of antifreeze. Your garage should check concentration to ensure adequate cold temperature protection.

Battery – the most common cause of winter breakdowns. A battery more than five years old may struggle in the cold – get it checked and replaced if necessary to avoid the inconvenience of an unplanned failure.

Fuel – keep at least a quarter of a tank in case of unexpected delay.

Lights – check and clean all lights regularly to make sure you can see and be seen clearly. Carry spare bulbs.

Tyres – should have at least 3mm of tread for winter motoring. Consider winter tyres for improved safety. Check pressures at least every fortnight.

Windscreen – reduce dazzle from the low sun by keeping the screen clean inside and out. Now is a good time to renew worn wiper blades.

Screen wash – use a 50% mix of a good quality screen wash to reduce the chance of freezing in frosty weather.

Locks and door seals – stop doors freezing shut with a thin coat of polish or Vaseline on rubber door seals. A squirt of water dispersant (WD-40) in locks will help stop them freezing.

Fully-charged mobile phone and in-car charger

Sunglasses – to deal with glare from the sun or snow

Personal medication

Warning triangle

Spare bulbs

First aid kit

Road atlas – in case of diversions

Sat-nav or printed route for unfamiliar journeys

Breakdown membership card

Insurance details in-case of accident

Picture by Jim Wyllie